Class 11 History - Chapter 3 - An Empire Across Three Continents

List of Questions and Answers

1.What was the main language of Roman empire?
a) English
b) Latin
c) Sanskrit
d) Urdu
(Chapter 3 - An Empire Across Three Continents)

Ans: b) Latin

2.The Roman Empire was divided into eastern and western halves in the _________century.
a) 4th
b) 3rd
c) 2nd
d) 7th
(Chapter 3 - An Empire Across Three Continents)

Ans: a) 4th

3.Who was the first Emperor of Rome?
a) Julius Caeser
b) Trajan
c) Tiberius
d) Augustus
(Chapter 3 - An Empire Across Three Continents)

Ans: d) Augustus

4. Rome was situated on the bank of river
a) Nile
b) Tiber
c) Sutlej
d) Thames
(Chapter 3 - An Empire Across Three Continents)

Ans: b) Tiber

5. What was the third century crisis in Roman Empire?
(Chapter 3 - An Empire Across Three Continents)

Ans:

  • The first and second centuries were towards peace, prosperity and economic expansion, but the third century brought the first major signs of internal strain.
  • From the 230s, the empire found itself fighting on several fronts simultaneously.
  • In Iran in 225 a new and more aggressive dynasty emerged and within just 15 years were expanding rapidly in the direction of the Euphrates.
  • In a famous rock inscription cut in three languages, Shapur I, the Iranian ruler, claimed he had annihilated a Roman army of 60,000 and even captured the eastern capital of Antioch.
  • The Germanic tribes or rather tribal alliances began to move against the Rhine and Danube frontiers, and the period from 233 to 280 saw repeated invasions of provinces that stretched from the Black Sea to the Alps and southern Germany.
  • The Romans were forced to abandon much of the territory beyond the Danube , the emperors of this period were constantly in the field against the barbarians.
  • The rapid succession of emperors in the third century is an obvious symptom of the strains faced by the empire in this period.

6."Romans paid a detailed attention to the management of labour".Corroborate with example.
(Chapter 3 - An Empire Across Three Continents)

Ans:

  • Columella the writer recommended the landowners to keep a reserve stock of implements and tools, twice as many as they needed, so that production could be continuous.
  • Supervision was considered important as they believed no work would ever get done, so supervision was paramount, for both free workers and slaves.
  • To make supervision easier, workers were sometimes grouped into gangs or smaller teams.
  • Columella the writer recommended squads of ten, claiming it was easier to tell who was putting in effort and who was not in work groups of that size.

More Questions and Answers Coming Soon