Chapter 7 - Rise of Popular Movements : Important Questions and Answers

List of Questions and Answers

1.Write a note on "Movement Against Outsiders" in Assam.


  • The Assam Movement called "Movement Against Outsiders" started from 1979 to 1985.
  • The reason for this movement was that the Assamese suspected a huge numbers of illegal Bengali Muslim from Bangladesh and they wanted them to be detected and deported otherwise the original assamese will get reduced to minority because of these immigrants.
  • There was widespread poverty and unemployment in Assam despite the existence of natural resources like oil, tea and coal. There was a feeling that all the resources were taken out of the state without any commensurate benefit to the people.
  • In 1979 "All Assam Students" Union (AASU), which were not part of any political party started anti-foreigner movement.
  • The movement was against illegal migrations, against the domination of Bengalis and other outsiders, and against faulty voters’ register that included the names of lakhs of immigrants.
  • The movement demanded that all outsiders who had entered the State after 1951 should be sent back.
  • The movement gathered a lot of support and in 1985 the Rajiv Gandhi-led government entered into negotiations with the AASU leaders, leading to the signing of an agreement, which states that the foreigners who migrated into Assam during and after Bangladesh war and since, were to be identified and deported.

2. Examine the grievances regarding the special status conferred by Article 370 to Jammu and Kashmir.


  • The people outside of J&K believes that the special status Article 370 does not allow full integration of the State with India and they feel that article 370 should therefore be revoked and J&K should be like any other State in India.
  • Most of the Kashmiris feel as per Article 370 there are some demand which are not fulfilled for example the special federal status guaranteed by Article 370, has been eroded in practice. This has led to the demand for restoration of autonomy or "Greater State Autonomy".
  • The democracy which is practiced in the rest of India has not been the same in the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

3.Write a note on the main provisions of Rajiv Gandhi-Longowal Accord ?


  • The Agreement known as Rajiv Gandhi-Longowal Accord was a step to bring normalcy to Punjab.
  • It was agreed that Chandigarh would be transferred to Punjab.
  • A separate commission would be appointed to resolve the border dispute between Punjab and Haryana.
  • A tribunal would be set up to decide the sharing of Ravi-Beas river water among Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan.
  • Compensation and better treatment would be given to those affected by the militancy in Punjab.
  • Withdrawal of the application of Armed Forces Special Powers Act in Punjab.

4. Describe the outcome of the Anandpur Sahib Resolution of 1973.


  • The Anandpur Sahib Resolution wanted to redefine centre-state relationship in the country.
  • The resolution also spoke of the aspirations of the Sikh qaum (community or nation) and declared its goal as attaining the bolbala (dominance or hegemony) of the Sikhs.
  • The Resolution was a plea for strengthening federalism, but it could also be interpreted as a plea for a separate Sikh nation.
  • The Resolution had a limited appeal among the Sikh masses.